Overcoming Challenges of Standards Alignment

The cognitive rigor of this standard is to explain the function of .

Alignment strategy : A citation that asks simply students to identify conjunctions, prepositions, and interjections would not be aligned to this standard. In order to align to the cognitive rigor of the standard, the citation must also require students to explain the function of the identified conjunctions, prepositions, and interjections. The examples provided illustrate common challenges Learning List reviewers have encountered when reviewing the alignment of materials to both state-specific and national standards. Each set of standards poses unique alignment challenges. Furthermore, while each of these examples illustrates a single alignment challenge, many times, a citation fails to align to the standard for more than one reason.


To progress academically, students must learn the content and skills their state standards require in the correct context. Teachers lose faith in a material when they repeatedly encounter citations that fail to align to the three Cs of the standard, and districts lose millions of dollars when abandoned materials gather dust on closet or warehouse shelves. We hope that the information in this white paper helps educators review the alignment of instructional materials and publishers develop correlations that communicate the alignment of their material to the three Cs of the standards.

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